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Abstract

Objectives:

We examined whether IV administration of cyclosporine in combination with thrombolysis might reduce cerebral infarct size.

Methods:

Patients aged 18 to 85 years, presenting with an anterior-circulation stroke and eligible for thrombolytic therapy, were enrolled in this multicenter, single-blinded, controlled trial. Fifteen minutes after randomization, patients received either an IV bolus injection of 2.0 mg/kg cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Novartis) or placebo. The primary endpoint was infarct volume on MRI at 30 days. Secondary endpoints included infarct volume according to the site (proximal/distal) of arterial occlusion and recanalization after thrombolysis.

Results:

From October 2009 to July 2013, 127 patients were enrolled. The primary endpoint was assessed in 110 of 127 patients. The reduction of infarct volume in the cyclosporine compared with the control group was overall not significant (21.8 mL [interquartile range, IQR 5.1, 69.2 mL] vs 28.8 mL [IQR 7.7, 95.0 mL], respectively; p = 0.18). However, in patients with proximal occlusion and effective recanalization, infarct volume was significantly reduced in the cyclosporine compared with the control group (14.9 mL [IQR 1.3, 23.2 mL] vs 48.3 mL [IQR 34.5, 118.2 mL], respectively; p = 0.009).

Conclusions:

Cyclosporine was generally not effective in reducing infarct size. However, a smaller infarct size was observed in patients with proximal cerebral artery occlusion and efficient recanalization.

Classification of evidence:

This study provides Class I evidence that in patients with an acute anterior-circulation stroke, thrombolysis plus IV cyclosporine does not significantly decrease 30-day MRI infarct volume compared with thrombolysis alone.

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Letters to the Editor
9 July 2015
Concern on infections and Cyclosporine]
Jonas B. Lima Filho, Neurology Resident
Rodrigo Bazan, Botucatu, Brazil; Gabriel Pereira Braga, Botucatu, Brazil; Gustavo Jose Luvizutto, Botucatu, Brazil
Nighoghossian et al. studied whether the administration of IV cyclosporine to patients who underwent thrombolysis might reduce cerebral infarct size. [1] Their multicenter, single-blinded, controlled trial showed no significant decrease in 30-day MRI infarct volume, but demonstrated smaller infarct size in patients with proximal cerebral artery occlusion. This interesting finding reinforces the idea that developing neuroprotective drugs that target the reperfusion injury can bring positive results, especially in patients with a larger ischemic penumbra.

A large number of therapeutic agents have been tested, but none have provided significant neuroprotection in clinical trials in recent decades. [2] Infections after acute ischemic stroke, especially pneumonia, double the mortality rate after 90 days, [3] and are related to poor functional outcome. [4] The use of immunosuppressive drugs, such as cyclosporine, raises some concern about the risk of infections in this studied population. Did the group receiving cyclosporine have higher infection rates?

1. Nighoghossian N, Berthezene Y, Mechtouff L, et al. Cyclosporine in acute ischemic stroke. Neurology 2015;84:2216-2223.

2. Gladstone DJ, Black SE, Hakim AM. Toward wisdom from failure: Lessons from neuroprotective stroke trials and new therapeutic directions. Stroke 2002;33:2123-2136.

3. Katzan IL, Cebul RD, Husak SH, et al. The effect of pneumonia on mortality among patients hospitalized for acute stroke. Neurology 2003;60:620-625.

4. Wartenberg KE, Stoll A, Funk A, et al. Infection after acute ischemic stroke: risk factors, biomarkers, and outcome. Stroke Res Treat 2011;2011:830614.

For disclosures, please contact the editorial office at [email protected].

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Neurology®
Volume 84Number 22June 2, 2015
Pages: 2216-2223
PubMed: 25948727

Publication History

Received: September 10, 2014
Accepted: February 19, 2015
Published online: May 6, 2015
Published in print: June 2, 2015

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Disclosure

The authors report no disclosures relevant to the manuscript. Go to Neurology.org for full disclosures.

Study Funding

The study was funded by a PHRC grant from the French Healthcare Ministry.

Authors

Affiliations & Disclosures

Norbert Nighoghossian, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
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1.
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Yves Berthezène, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
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1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
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Laura Mechtouff, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
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Laurent Derex, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
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Legal Proceedings:
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Tae Hee Cho, MD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
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Thomas Ritzenthaler, MD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Sylvain Rheims, MD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(1) EISAI (Eslicarbazepine)
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
(1) UCB pharma (2) Cyberonics (3) EISAI
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) French Minestry of Health, PHRC national 2013, PI, 2013
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Fabien Chauveau, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Yannick Béjot, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(1) Had served as a member of a scientific committee for Boehringer-Ingelheim France
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Agnès Jacquin, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Maurice Giroud, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Frédéric Ricolfi, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Frédéric Philippeau, MD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Catherine Lamy, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Guillaume Turc, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Eric Bodiguel, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Valérie Domigo, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Vincent Guiraud, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jean-Louis Mas, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(1) Bayer (2) Boehringer-Ingelheim (3) Bristol-Myer-Squibb (4) Daiichi-Sankyo
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
(1) Bayer 2) Boehringer-Ingelheim, honoraria 3) Bristol-Myer-Squibb, honoraria
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) French Ministry of Health, 1 grant, coordination of a randomized clinical trial, ongoing (2) INSERM Institut National Scientifique Et de la Recherche Medicale, financing a Stroke Research Unit, ongoing
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Catherine Oppenheim, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Journal of Neuroradiology, associate editor (untill 2013 Neuroradiology, associate editor (since 2014)
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Pierre Amarenco, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Bristol Myers Squibb Pfizer Merck Astra Zeneca Sanofi-Aventis Boehringer-Ingelheim
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Bristol Myers Squibb Pfizer Merck Astra Zeneca Sanofi-Aventis Boehringer-Ingelheim
Editorial Boards:
1.
Stroke journal (Senio editor, Europe)
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Sanofi-Aventis Bristol Myers Squib Merck Astra Zeneca
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
PI, Treat Stroke to Target Trial, PHRC (french government) AOM- 09002 and AOM-102181
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Serkan Cakmak, MD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Mathieu Sevin-Allouet, MD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Benoit Guillon, MD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Hubert Desal, MD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Hassan Hosseini, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Igor Sibon, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Marie-Hélène Mahagne, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Speaker honoraria received from BMS Pfizer, Daichi Sankyo, Boerhinger Ingelheim for national pr?sentations in symposia
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Elodie Ong, MD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Nathan Mewton, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Novartis MSD Servier
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Michel Ovize, MD, PhD
From the Departments of Neurology (N.N., L.M., L.D., T.H.C., T.R., S.R., E.O.) and Neuroradiology (Y. Berthezène, F.C.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Creatis CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U1044, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon; Dijon Stroke Registry (Y. Béjot, A.J., M.G., F.R.) (EA 4184, Inserm, Invs), University Hospital of Dijon, Regional Council and University of Burgondy, CHU le Bocage, Dijon; Department of Neurology (F.P.), Centre Hospitalier de Fleyriat, Bourg en Bresse; Departments of Neurology (C.L., G.T., E.B., V.D., V.G., J.-L.M.) and Neuroradiology (C.O.), CH Sainte-Anne, University Paris-Descartes, INSERM U894, DHU NeuroVasc Sorbonne Paris Cité; Department of Neurology (P.A.), Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris; Department of Neurology (S.C.), Hôpital Nord-Ouest, Plateau d’Ouilly, Villefranche sur Saône; Department of Neurology (M.S.-A., B.G., H.D.), Hôpital Nord-Laënnec, Saint-Herblain; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Department of Neurology (I.S.), Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, Bordeaux; Unité Neurosciences (M.-H.M.), Hôpital Saint Roch, Nice; Hôpital Louis Pradel (N.M., M.O.), Service d’Explorations Fonctionelles Cardiovasculaires, Centre d’Investigation Clinique & UMR1060 (CarMeN), Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Servier advisory board for a phase II clinical trial Zealand Pharma advisory board
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Servier (travel for scientific meetings) MSD (travel for scientific meetings) Boehringer Ingelheim (travel for scientific meetings) Neurovive Pharmaceuticals (travel for scientific meetings) French, spanish, european societies of cardiology European society of nephrology Encore Seoul (travel for scientific meetings)
Editorial Boards:
1.
Editorial board of Basic Research in Cardiology Editorial board of Journal of Cellular and Molecular Cardiology
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Consultant for Neurovive Pharmaceuticals Consultant for Servier
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Neurovive Pharmaceuticals as a partner of Hospices Civils de Lyon (sponsor of clinical trials with me as PI): the CIRCUS study, Clotilde trial, Cyrus trial
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Fundings from the french government for clinical trials (PHRCs): CIRCUS trial Funding of the french government for the OPeRa University Hospital Institute (IHU)
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Fondation pour la Recherche Medicale
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE

Notes

Correspondence to Dr. Ovize: [email protected]
Go to Neurology.org for full disclosures. Funding information and disclosures deemed relevant by the authors, if any, are provided at the end of the article.

Author Contributions

Design or conceptualization of the study: Norbert Nighoghossian, Nathan Mewton, Michel Ovize. Analysis or interpretation of the data: Norbert Nighoghossian, Yves Berthezène, Laura Mechtouff, Tae Hee Cho, Fabien Chauveau, Nathan Mewton, Michel Ovize. Drafting or revising the manuscript: Norbert Nighoghossian, Yves Berthezène, Laura Mechtouff, Laurent Derex, Thomas Ritzenthaler, Sylvain Rheims, Yannick Béjot, Agnès Jacquin, Maurice Giroud, Frederic Ricolfi, Frédéric Philippeau, Catherine Lamy, Guillaume Turc, Eric Bodiguel, Valérie Domigo, Vincent Guiraud, Jean-Louis Mas, Catherine Oppenheim, Pierre Amarenco, Serkan Cakmak, Mathieu Sevin-Allouet, Benoit Guillon, Hubert Desal, Hassan Hosseini, Igor Sibon, Marie-Hélène Mahagne, Elodie Ong, Nathan Mewton, Michel Ovize.

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