Skip to main content
AAN.com

Abstract

Objective:

To utilize Mendelian randomization to estimate the causal association between low serum vitamin D concentrations, increased body mass index (BMI), and pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (MS) using genetic risk scores (GRS).

Methods:

We constructed an instrumental variable for vitamin D (vitD GRS) by computing a GRS for 3 genetic variants associated with levels of 25(OH)D in serum using the estimated effect of each risk variant. A BMI GRS was also created that incorporates the cumulative effect of 97 variants associated with BMI. Participants included non-Hispanic white individuals recruited from over 15 sites across the United States (n = 394 cases, 10,875 controls) and Sweden (n = 175 cases, 5,376 controls; total n = 16,820).

Results:

Meta-analysis findings demonstrated that a vitD GRS associated with increasing levels of 25(OH)D in serum decreased the odds of pediatric-onset MS (odds ratio [OR] 0.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.55, 0.94; p = 0.02) after controlling for sex, genetic ancestry, HLA-DRB1*15:01, and over 100 non–human leukocyte antigen MS risk variants. A significant association between BMI GRS and pediatric disease onset was also demonstrated (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.05, 1.30; p = 0.01) after adjusting for covariates. Estimates for each GRS were unchanged when considered together in a multivariable model.

Conclusions:

We provide evidence supporting independent and causal effects of decreased vitamin D levels and increased BMI on susceptibility to pediatric-onset MS.

Get full access to this article

View all available purchase options and get full access to this article.

Supplementary Material

File (coinvestigators.docx)
File (table_e-1.pdf)

REFERENCES

1.
Chitnis T, Krupp L, Yeh A, et al. Pediatric multiple sclerosis. Neurol Clin 2011;29:481–505.
2.
Yeh EA, Chitnis T, Krupp L, et al. Pediatric multiple sclerosis. Nat Rev Neurol 2009;5:621–631.
3.
Krupp LB, Tardieu M, Amato MP, et al. International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group criteria for pediatric multiple sclerosis and immune-mediated central nervous system demyelinating disorders: revisions to the 2007 definitions. Mult Scler 2013;19:1261–1267.
4.
Mikaeloff Y, Caridade G, Tardieu M, Suissa S. Parental smoking at home and the risk of childhood-onset multiple sclerosis in children. Brain 2007;130:2589–2595.
5.
Waldman A, Ghezzi A, Bar-Or A, Mikaeloff Y, Tardieu M, Banwell B. Multiple sclerosis in children: an update on clinical diagnosis, therapeutic strategies, and research. Lancet Neurol 2014;13:936–948.
6.
Banwell B, Bar-Or A, Arnold DL, et al. Clinical, environmental, and genetic determinants of multiple sclerosis in children with acute demyelination: a prospective national cohort study. Lancet Neurol 2011;10:436–445.
7.
Mowry EM, Krupp LB, Milazzo M, et al. Vitamin D status is associated with relapse rate in pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis. Ann Neurol 2010;67:618–624.
8.
Mokry LE, Ross S, Ahmad OS, et al. Vitamin D and risk of multiple sclerosis: a mendelian randomization study. PLoS Med 2015;12:e1001866.
9.
Rhead B, Bäärnhielm M, Gianfrancesco MA, et al. Mendelian randomization shows a causal effect of low vitamin D on multiple sclerosis risk. Neurol Genet 2016;2:e97.
10.
Langer-Gould A, Brara SM, Beaber BE, Koebnick C. Childhood obesity and risk of pediatric multiple sclerosis and clinically isolated syndrome. Neurology 2013;80:548–552.
11.
Waubant E, Mowry EM, Krupp L, et al. Common viruses associated with lower pediatric multiple sclerosis risk. Neurology 2011;76:1989–1995.
12.
McDonald J, Graves J, Waldman A, et al. A case-control study of dietary salt intake in pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler Relat Disord 2016;6:87–92.
13.
McDonald WI, Compston A, Edan G, et al. Recommended diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: guidelines from the international panel on the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Ann Neurol 2001;50:121–127.
14.
Gianfrancesco MA, Acuna B, Shen L, et al. Obesity during childhood and adolescence increases susceptibility to multiple sclerosis after accounting for established genetic and environmental risk factors. Obes Res Clin Pract 2014;8:e435–e447.
15.
Ma X, Buffler PA, Layefsky M, et al. Control selection strategies in case-control studies of childhood diseases. Am J Epidemiol 2004;159:915–921.
16.
Polman CH, Reingold SC, Banwell B, et al. Diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: 2010 revisions to the McDonald criteria. Ann Neurol 2011;69:292–302.
17.
Hedstrom AK, Baarnhielm M, Olsson T, Alfredsson L. Tobacco smoking, but not Swedish snuff use, increases the risk of multiple sclerosis. Neurology 2009;73:696–701.
18.
Ahn J, Yu K, Stolzenberg-Solomon R, et al. Genome-wide association study of circulating vitamin D levels. Hum Mol Genet 2010;19:2739–2745.
19.
Locke AE, Kahali B, Berndt SI, et al. Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology. Nature 2015;518:197–206.
20.
Bradfield JP, Taal HR, Timpson NJ, et al. A genome-wide association meta-analysis identifies new childhood obesity loci. Nat Genet 2012;44:526–531.
21.
den Hoed M, Ekelund U, Brage S, et al. Genetic susceptibility to obesity and related traits in childhood and adolescence: influence of loci identified by genome-wide association studies. Diabetes 2010;59:2980–2988.
22.
Mitchell JA, Hakonarson H, Rebbeck TR, Grant SF. Obesity-susceptibility loci and the tails of the pediatric BMI distribution. Obesity 2013;21:1256–1260.
23.
Stergiakouli E, Gaillard R, Tavare JM, et al. Genome-wide association study of height-adjusted BMI in childhood identifies functional variant in ADCY3. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2014;22:2252–2259.
24.
Warrington NM, Howe LD, Paternoster L, et al. A genome-wide association study of body mass index across early life and childhood. Int J Epidemiol 2015;44:700–712.
25.
Beecham AH, Patsopoulos NA, Xifara DK, et al. Analysis of immune-related loci identifies 48 new susceptibility variants for multiple sclerosis. Nat Genet 2013;45:1353–1360.
26.
De Jager PL, Chibnik LB, Cui J, et al. Integration of genetic risk factors into a clinical algorithm for multiple sclerosis susceptibility: a weighted genetic risk score. Lancet Neurol 2009;8:1111–1119.
27.
Zivkovic M, Stankovic A, Dincic E, et al. The tag SNP for HLA-DRB1*1501, rs3135388, is significantly associated with multiple sclerosis susceptibility: cost-effective high-throughput detection by real-time PCR. Clin Chim Acta 2009;406:27–30.
28.
Munger KL, Levin LI, Hollis BW, Howard NS, Ascherio A. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of multiple sclerosis. JAMA 2006;296:2832–2838.
29.
Salzer J, Hallmans G, Nystrom M, Stenlund H, Wadell G, Sundstrom P. Vitamin D as a protective factor in multiple sclerosis. Neurology 2012;79:2140–2145.
30.
Munger KL, Aivo J, Hongell K, Soilu-Hanninen M, Surcel HM, Ascherio A. Vitamin D status during pregnancy and risk of multiple sclerosis in offspring of women in the Finnish maternity cohort. JAMA Neurol 2016;73:515–519.
31.
Mokry LE, Ross S, Timpson NJ, et al. Obesity and multiple sclerosis: a mendelian randomization study. PLoS Med 2016;13:e1002053.
32.
Gianfrancesco M, Glymour M, Walter S, et al. Genetic variants associated with body mass index demonstrate a causal effect on multiple sclerosis susceptibility. Am J Epidemiol Epub 2017 Jan 9.
33.
Hedstrom AK, Lima Bomfim I, Barcellos L, et al. Interaction between adolescent obesity and HLA risk genes in the etiology of multiple sclerosis. Neurology 2014;82:865–872.
34.
Aranow C. Vitamin D and the immune system. J Investig Med 2011;59:881–886.
35.
Hart PH, Gorman S, Finlay-Jones JJ. Modulation of the immune system by UV radiation: more than just the effects of vitamin D? Nat Rev Immunol 2011;11:584–596.
36.
Prietl B, Treiber G, Pieber TR, Amrein K. Vitamin D and immune function. Nutrients 2013;5:2502–2521.
37.
Winer S, Paltser G, Chan Y, et al. Obesity predisposes to Th17 bias. Eur J Immunol 2009;39:2629–2635.
38.
Brown K, DeCoffe D, Molcan E, Gibson DL. Diet-induced dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota and the effects on immunity and disease. Nutrients 2012;4:1095–1119.
39.
Manzel A, Muller DN, Hafler DA, Erdman SE, Linker RA, Kleinewietfeld M. Role of “Western diet” in inflammatory autoimmune diseases. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2014;14:404.
40.
Graves J, Barcellos L, Belman A, et al. Vitamin D genetic risk score is strongly associated with vitamin D levels and relapse rate in pediatric MS patients. Presented at the ECTRIMS annual meeting; September 14–17, 2016; London.

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Neurology®
Volume 88Number 17April 25, 2017
Pages: 1623-1629
PubMed: 28356466

Publication History

Received: August 11, 2016
Accepted: January 20, 2017
Published online: March 29, 2017
Published in print: April 25, 2017

Permissions

Request permissions for this article.

Disclosure

M. Gianfrancesco, P. Stridh, B. Rhead, X. Shao, E. Xu, J.S. Graves, T. Chitnis, A. Waldman, T. Lotze, T. Schreiner, A. Belman, B. Greenberg, B. Weinstock-Guttman, G. Aaen, J. Tillema, J. Hart, S. Caillier, J. Ness, Y. Harris, J. Rubin, M. Candee, L. Krupp, M. Gorman, L. Benson, M. Rodriguez, S. Mar, and I. Kahn report no disclosures relevant to the manuscript. J. Rose has research support from VA, NMSS, Guthy Jackson Charitable Foundation, Arrien Pharmaceuticals, Teva Neuroscience, and Biogen. He is a member of the Medical Advisory Board for the DECIDE trial, which is funded by Biogen and AbbVie. S. Roalstad, T. Casper, L. Shen, H. Quach, D. Quach, J. Hillert, M. Bäärnhielm, A. Hedstrom, T. Olsson, and I. Kockum report no disclosures relevant to the manuscript. L. Alfredsson received research support from the Swedish Medical Research Council (K2013-69X-14973-10-4), the Swedish Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (DNR 2012-0325), and the Swedish Brain Foundation and has received speaker honoraria from Biogen Idec and TEVA. C. Metayer and C. Schaefer report no disclosures relevant to the manuscript. L. Barcellos is funded by the NIH, the National MS Society, and the Race to Erase MS. E. Waubant is funded by the NIH, the NMSS, and the Race to Erase MS. She volunteers on an advisory board for a Novartis trial. She has received honorarium or travel support from ACTRIMS, ECTRIMS, and AAN. Go to Neurology.org for full disclosures.

Study Funding

This work was supported in part by the NIH NINDS: 1R01NS071463 (PI Waubant), R01 NS049510 (PI Barcellos), 1F31NS093832 (PI Gianfrancesco), 1F31NS096885 (PI Rhead), NIH K23 NS069806 (PI Waldman), NIH NIEHS: R01 ES017080 (PI Barcellos), R01ES009137 (PI Metayer), P42ES004705, NIH NIAID: R01 AI 076544 (PI Barcellos), NIH RC2 AG036607 (PI Schaefer), the National MS Society HC 0165 (PI Casper), The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, The Wayne and Gladys Valley Foundation, The Ellison Medical Foundation. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

Authors

Affiliations & Disclosures

Milena A. Gianfrancesco, PhD, MPH
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
1. NIH NINDS, 1F31NS093832, PI, 2015-2016
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
1. Gina Finzi Student Summer Fellowship, Lupus Foundation of America, 2014 2. Health Professional Research Preceptorship, Rheumatology Research Foundation, 2014
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Pernilla Stridh, PhD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Physiological Genomics, Editorial Board member, 2015-present
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
(1) Neuro Foundation (Neurof?rbundet, Sweden) 2016 (2) The Lars Hierta Memorial Foundation 2016
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Brooke Rhead, BS
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) NIH 5T32HG000047 Trainee 2013-2016 (2) NIH 1F31NS096885-01 Principal Investigator 2016-2018
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Xiaorong Shao, MA
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Edison Xu, BA
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jennifer S. Graves, MD, PhD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
(1) S3 Group, (2) Advance Medical Group
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
1) NIH BIRCWH K12 Program (5K12HD052163), investigator, 2013-2015
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
1) Foundation for the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers 2) Race to Erase MS Foundation 3) National MS Society
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Tanuja Chitnis, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Dr. Chitnis has served on clinical trial advisory boards for Novartis Pharmaceuticals, and Genzyme-Sanofi.
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Dr. Chitnis has served as a one-time consultant for Biogen-Idec, Novartis, Genzyme-Sanofi and Genentech-Roche.
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Dr. Chitnis receives research support from (1) EMD-Serono, (2) Novartis, (3) Biogen (4) Verily, in the form of Independent Investigator Awards.
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Dr. Chitnis receives research support from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, the Peabody Foundation, the Consortium for MS Centers and the Guthy-Jackson Charitable Foundation.
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Amy Waldman, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
(1) Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation: reimbursement for travel to an advisory board meeting.
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
(1) Sjogren-Larsson Syndrome, UpToDate, 2007-present (2) Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease, UpToDate, 2007-present (3) Alexander Disease, UpToDate, 2007-present (4) Leukoencephalopathy due to heroin inhalation (chasing the dragon), UpToDate, 2007 present (5) Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, UpToDate, 2007- Present (6) Vanishing white matter disease, UpToDate, 2007-present (7) Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, UpToDate, 2014- present
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
(1) NIH Loan Repayment Program
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
(1) Biogen Idec
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) NIH/NINDS, K23NS069806, PI, 2012-2017(2) NIH/NINDS, R01NS071463, site PI, 2011-2016
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
(1) Pfizer (2) Spark Therapeutics
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Timothy Lotze, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Sarepta Therapeutics, 2015
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
UpToDate. Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis. 2012-2015.
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Ptc Therapeutics, Inc Sarepta Therapeutics
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NIH R01-NS071463-04 REV; site PI
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
(1) National Multiple Sclerosis Society, (2) CureSma (3)
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
Department of Justice. Consultant for VICP. 2014-2016.
Teri Schreiner, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Multiple Sclerosis Association of America, speaker honoraria Genentech, Speaker honoraria
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
ACI Clinical. I serve on the adjudication board for a randomized controlled trial of teriflunomide in pediatric MS patients.
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
National MS Society. I have received research funding for participation in the US Network of Pediatric MS Centers.
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Anita Belman, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Anita L.Belman has received honoraria as a one time advisory board participant for Biogen
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Anita L.Belman has received honoraria as a one time advisory board participant for Biogen
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Benjamin Greenberg, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Alexion, Clene
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Multiple Sclerosis Association of America
Editorial Boards:
1.
JAMA Neurology
Patents:
1.
Dr. Greenberg has filed patents on the use of antibody suppression in multiple sclerosis
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Novartis, Boston Pharmaceuticals
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Acorda, Medimmune, Chugai
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NIH RO1 NS071463, Co-investigator 2012-14
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
Unviersity of Texas Southwestern
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Guthy Jackson Foundation, PCORI
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Medical Advisory Board, 2006-Present
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Advisory board and speaker engagements for Biogen & Idec; TEVA Neuroscience, EMD Serono, Novartis, Genzyme&Sanofi, Genetech
Editorial Boards:
1.
Editorial board for Multiple Sclerosis International BMJ Neurology CNS
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Advisory board for Biogen & Idec; TEVA Neuroscience, EMD Serono, Novartis, Genentech, Questcor, Genzyme&Sanofi, Genentech
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
Advisory board and speaker engagements for Biogen & Idec; TEVA Neuroscience, EMD Serono, Genzyme
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
esearch grants from Biogen Idec, EMD Serono, TEVA, Novartis, Genzyme&Sanofi, Questcor
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NIH multicenter studies NMSS DOD
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
National MS Society, Clinical grant for Pediatric MS Center of Excellence DOD
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Gregory Aaen, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
1) California Neurology Society 2) Non-profit entity 3) $200 check for travel expenses
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
1) Biogen
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
1) NIH-R01NS071463-04 REVISED, Site PI, 2011-2017 2) NMSS-Treatment Adherence in Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis, Site PI, 2014-2015
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
National Multiple Sclerosis Society
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jan M. Tillema, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NCATS/NIH. KL2TR000136-09
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Janace Hart, BA
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Stacy Caillier, BS
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jayne Ness, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
(1) Journal Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2010- present, editorial board (Timothy J Ness, husband)
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
(1) Commercial entity: Novartis (site PI, Jayne Ness) (2) Commercial entity: Chugai Pharmaceutical (site PI, Jayne Ness)(2) Commercial entity: Medtronic (site PI: Timothy J. Ness, MD-PhD; husband)
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) NIH-NINDS, R01NS071463 (PI: Waubant), role: site PI; 2011-2016
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
(1) National Multiple Sclerosis Society (2) Guthy-Jackson Foundation
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Yolanda Harris, NP
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jennifer Rubin, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Meghan Candee, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Lauren Krupp, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Scientific advisory boards for (1)Novartis, (2)Biogen, (3)Sanofi-Aventis, (4)Pfizer
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
(1)Novartis, travel, (2)Biogen, travel, (3)Sanofi-Aventis,travel
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
(1)Redhill Biopharma, (2)Novartis, (3)Biogen Idec, (4)Pfizer, (5)Sanofi-Aventis
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
(1)Biogen, (2)Novartis, (3)EMD-Serono
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
(1)Biogen Idec, (2)EMD-Serono, (3)TevaNeurosciences, (4)Novartis, (5)F.Hoffmann-LaRoche AG, (6)Roche Products Limited
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1)Department of Defense, W81XWH-14-1-0248, PI, 2014(2)NIH (NINDS), subaward 6873sc, Co-Investigator, 2011-present
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
(1)National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS), (2)Lourie Foundation, (3)Slomo and Cindy Silvian Foundation, (4)Multiple Sclerosis Foundation(MSF
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
Fatigue Severity Scale - received payments from (1)Abbvie, (2)Eisai Inc, (3)Grifols Inc, (4)Janssen
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Mark Gorman, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
National Institutes of Health, 5R01NS071463, Site PI, 2011-2106
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
National Multiple Sclerosis Society
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Leslie Benson, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
(1) Boston Children's Hospital Office of Faculty Development Career Development Award.
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Moses Rodriguez, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(1) ZNS1 SRB-M National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke- Loan Repayment Program Member, Review Committee, 03/07- present (2) Fast Forward Scientific and Business Advisory Committee Member, Fast Forward LLC (a non-profit company wholly owned by the NMSS), 09/07 ?V present(3) Special Emphasis Panel Member, Diversity Predoctoral Fellowship Applications ZRG1 IMM-L 29, 01/08 ?V present
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Received travel expenses and/or honoraria for lectures or educational activities not funded by industry.
Editorial Boards:
1.
(1) Annals of Neurology, Editorial Advisory Board member, 2007-present, (2) Brain Pathology Advisory Board member, 2000-present, (3) Journal of Neurovirology Advisory Board member, 1994-present, (4)VerusMed Editorial Advisory Board in Neurology, 2007-present
Patents:
1.
(1)??Monoclonal Antibodies which Promote Central Nervous System Remyelination,?? No. 5,591,629 (January 7, 1997), (2)??Method of Treating Autoimmune and/or Viral Induced Diseases that are Mediated by CD8 Phenotype T Cells?? No. 5,660,828 (August 26, 1997), (3)
Publishing Royalties:
1.
Rodriguez M. Editor, Advances in Multiple Sclerosis. (Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology, vol. 318); Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2008.Rodriguez M, Kantarci OH, Pirko I. Multiple Sclerosis. Contemporary Neurology Series. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
Received travel expenses and/or honoraria for lectures or educational activities not funded by industry
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
(1) Acorda Therapeutics, Inc., research into remyelination antibodies, 2008-present(2) Novartis CFTY720DUSNC18T - 1/1/13-12/31/14
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
1) NIH R01 GM092993 06/01/10-5/31/15 (NCE), 2) NIH/NINDSNS52173-05A1 09/21/10-7/31/15
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
(1) National Multiple Sclerosis Society Collaborative Research Center Grant 4/04-10/14, Principal Investigator. (2)Conrad Hilton Foundation ??A Recombinant Human Monoclonal Antibody for Promoting Myelin Repair in Multiple Sclerosis?? 11/04-5/15. Principal Investigator.(3) Applebaum MS Research 1/2000-12/2014, (4) Applebaum Family Foundation, 1/2000-1/2015 (5) Peterson Foundation (6) McNeilus Family
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
Patents for promotion of remyelination are issued and owned by Mayo Clinic; no royalties received.
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Soe Mar, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
United States Network of Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Centers
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Ilana Kahn, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
John Rose, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Medical Advisory Committee for DECIDE Trial Scientific Advisory Board Arrien Pharmaceuticals
Gifts:
1.
Visiting Scientist at Biogen
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Biogen unpaid
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Biogen, Lineagen, Teva Neuroscience
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
VA Merit Review Grant (PI) 2013-2015
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
National Multiple Sclerosis Society, (Co PI) 2016 to 2019; Guthy Jackson Charitable Foundation (Co PI) 2016 to 2018.
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Shelly Roalstad, MSc, BS
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
T. Charles Casper, PhD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
(1) Biovest International, Inc.
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1)NIAAA, #70154751, Site Lead, 2012-2014 (2)NHLBI, #R01HL103427-03, Site Lead, 2010-2014 (3)NINDS, #7025SC, Site Lead, 2011-2015 (4)HRSA, #6U03MC00008-12, Biostatistician, 2012-2016 (5)AHRQ, #5R01HS020270-03, Site Lead, 2013-2016 (6)NCATS, #1UL1TR001067-01, Biostatistician, 2013-2018
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
(1)National Multiple Sclerosis Society, #HC0165, Principal Investigator, 2013-2019
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Ling Shen, PhD, MPH
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Hong Quach, BA
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Diana Quach, BA
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jan Hillert, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Dr Hillert received honoraria for serving on advisory boards for BiogenIdec and Sanofi-Genzyme
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Received travel expenses and/or honoraria for lectures or educational activities for BiogenIdec, Merck-Serono, Bayer-Shering, Novartis, Sanofi-Genzyme and TEVA
Editorial Boards:
1.
J Neuroimmunology, no compensation
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Dr Hillert research on MS is currently supported by Biogen, Novartis and Sanofi-Genzyme. In the past Dr Hillert has also received unrestricted research grants from Merck-Serono and Bayer-Schering.and Bayer-Schering.
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Dr Hillert receives research support from the Swedish Research Council
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
Dr Hillert research on MS genetics is funded by the Karolinska Institute
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Dr Hillert research on MS is supported by the Swedish Brain Foundation
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Maria Bäärnhielm, MD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Anna Hedstrom, MD, PhD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Tomas Olsson, MD, PhD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
scientific advisory boards: Merck-Serono 2008-2010, and 2012012012016 BiogenIdec 2006-2016 and Genzyme/SanofiAventis 2006-2016, Novartis 2009-2016. With all of them advice with regard to therapy in multiple sclerosis
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
For lectures on Multiple sclerosis, Novartis 2008 and BiogenIdec 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2016. SanofiAventis and Merck 2010, Genzyme 2012 and 2013.Medimmune 2013
Editorial Boards:
1.
Co-editor 2006 in Current opinion in Immunology
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
1)Merck, 2)BiogenIdec, 3)SanofiAventis, 4)Bayer, 5) Novartis,6)AstraZeneca
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Tomas Olsson (TO) has received grant support from The Swedish Research council (07488), EU fp7, Euratrans Neurinox 2012-2016 and combiMS, 2013-2014, Swedish Brain foundation,the AFA foundation, Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation.
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
The Knut and Allice Wallenberg foundation, The Swedish Brain foundation, the AFA foundation, EU FP 7 Neurinox and EURATrans projects.TO has also received unrestricted research grants from Bayer Schering, Genzyme/Sanofi-AventisBiogen Idec and AstraZeneca.
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Ingrid Kockum, PhD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
I have recived speaker honoraria and travel fund from Merc Serono.
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
Honoraria for speaking by Merc Serono
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
100 year fonden at Karolinska Univiersity hospital during 2016 and
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
I and my mother have held stocks in a number of mainly Swedish companies. None of them are related to this study. Only one of them is involved medical research: Novo Nordisk.
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Lars Alfredsson, PhD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
speakers honoraria from Teva and Biogen Idec
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Swedish Medical Research Council (K2013-69X-14973-10-4,2013-2016, Dnr 825-2012-5168, 2013-2015, Dnr 2016-02349, 2017-2020) and Swedish Council for Working life, Health and Welfare (Dnr 2012-0325,2013-2015, Dnr 2013-0194 and 2013-0710, 2014-2016, Dnr 2015-00195,2016-018), AFA insurance (Dnr 120299, 2013-2016), Swedish Brain Foundation (FO2015?0051, 2016-2017)
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Catherine Metayer, MD, PhD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Catherine Schaefer, PhD
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1)NIEHS,R01 ES 017080,Co-investigator,7/20/11 - 4/30/16, (2)NIMH, R01 MH085543, Principal Investigator, 9/30/08 - 5/31/14, (3)NIAID, R01 AI076544, Co-investigator, 4/1/10 - 3/31/13, (4)NIA, RC2 AG036607, Principal Investigator, 9/30/09 - 8/31/12.
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
(1)National Multiple Sclerosis Society
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Lisa F. Barcellos, PhD, MPH*
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
07/20/11?04/30/17: Principal Investigator. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Grant R01 ES017080 (PI: Barcellos). Novel Strategies to Identify GxE Contributions to MS Pathogenesis.09/01/11-04/30/17: Co-Investigator. University of San Francisco subaward. Supported by National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Grant R01 NS071463 (PI: Waubant). Environmental and genetic risk factors for pediatric multiple sclerosis. A project to determine if risk factors identified for adult MS such as HLA-DRB1, EBV, 25(OH) vitamin D3 insufficiency, and exposure to cigarette smoking are also risk factors for pediatric-onset MS, and to conduct a GWAS for pediatric-onset MS.
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Emmanuelle Waubant, MD, PhD*
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
I volunteer on a Novartis advisory board (pharmaceutical company)
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
-Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology since 2013 (editorial advisory board, volunteer)-Editor of MSARD since 2016
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
Demyelinating disorders of the central nervous system in childhood. Cambridge University. 2011
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
I am site PI for trials of ocrelizumab in PPMS (Roche, company), and fingolimod in pediatric MS (Novartis, company)
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
I am supported by the NIH (NS071463, PI Waubant)
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
I am supported by the National MS Society RG4861A3/1 (PI Waubant), and the Race to Erase MS (medical director)
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
For the Network of Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Centers
From the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (M.A.G., X.S., E.X., H.Q., D.Q., C.M., L.F.B.), and Computational Biology Graduate Group (B.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Center for Molecular Medicine (P.S.), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurology (J.S.G., E.W.) and Regional Pediatric MS Center, Neurology (J.H., S.C.), University of California, San Francisco; Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.C.), Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston; Division of Neurology (A.W.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Blue Bird Circle Multiple Sclerosis Center (T.L.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Children's Hospital Colorado (T.S.), University of Colorado, Denver; Lourie Center for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis (A.B., L.K.), Stony Brook Children's Hospital, NY; Department of Neurology (B.G.), University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas; Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (B.W.-G.), Jacobs Neurological Institute, SUNY Buffalo, NY; Pediatric MS Center at Loma Linda University Children's Hospital (G.A.), CA; Mayo Clinic's Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center (J.M.T., M.R.), Rochester, MN; University of Alabama Center for Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Disease (J.N., Y.H.), Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham; Department of Pediatric Neurology (J.R.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Primary Children's Hospital (M.C.), University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Boston Children's Hospital (M.G., L.B.), MA; Pediatric-onset Demyelinating Diseases and Autoimmune Encephalitis Center (S.M.), St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, MO; Children's National Medical Center (I.K.), Washington, DC; Departments of Neurology (J.R.) and Pediatrics (S.R., T.C.C.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; Kaiser Permanente Division of Research (L.S., C.S., L.F.B.), Oakland, CA; Institute of Environmental Medicine (J.H., M.B., A.H., T.O., I.K., L.A.), Karolinska Institutet; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (L.A.), Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; and Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (C.S.), Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.

Notes

Correspondence to Dr. Waubant: [email protected]
*
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Coinvestigators are listed at Neurology.org.
Go to Neurology.org for full disclosures. Funding information and disclosures deemed relevant by the authors, if any, are provided at the end of the article.

Author Contributions

Dr. Gianfrancesco: analysis and interpretation of the data, drafting the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Stridh: analysis and interpretation of the data, drafting the article, final approval of the version to be published. B. Rhead: analysis and interpretation of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. X. Shao: analysis and interpretation of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. E. Xu: analysis and interpretation of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Graves: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Chitnis: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Waldman: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Lotze: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Schreiner: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Belman: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Greenberg: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Weinstock-Guttman: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Aaen: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Tillema: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. J. Hart: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. S. Caillier: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Ness: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Y. Harris: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Rubin: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Candee: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Krupp: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Gorman: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Benson: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Rodriguez: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Mar: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Kahn: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Rose: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. S. Roalstad: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Casper: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Shen: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. H. Quach: analysis of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. D. Quach: analysis of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Hillert: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Bäärnhielm: analysis of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Hedstrom: analysis of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Olsson: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Kockum: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Alfredsson: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Metayer: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Schaefer: acquisition of the data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Barcellos: conception and design, data acquisition, interpretation of data, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published. Dr. Waubant: conception and design, data acquisition, reviewing and revising of the article, final approval of the version to be published.

Metrics & Citations

Metrics

Citations

Download Citations

If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Select your manager software from the list below and click Download.

Cited By
  1. Vitamin D and the epidemiology of multiple sclerosis, Feldman and Pike's Vitamin D, (1167-1184), (2024).https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-91338-6.00052-5
    Crossref
  2. Vitamin D mechanisms of protection in multiple sclerosis, Feldman and Pike's Vitamin D, (1129-1166), (2024).https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-91338-6.00051-3
    Crossref
  3. Vitamin D and human health: evidence from Mendelian randomization studies, European Journal of Epidemiology, (2024).https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-023-01075-4
    Crossref
  4. Multiple sclerosis with comorbidity depression and its association with vitamin D deficiency in a narrative review of the current literature, Exploration of Neuroscience, (160-192), (2023).https://doi.org/10.37349/en.2023.00020
    Crossref
  5. Multi-Criterial Model for Weighting Biological Risk Factors in Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Health Insurance Implications, Healthcare, 11, 17, (2420), (2023).https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11172420
    Crossref
  6. Vitamin D and Autoimmune Rheumatic Diseases, Biomolecules, 13, 4, (709), (2023).https://doi.org/10.3390/biom13040709
    Crossref
  7. Impact of endocrine dysregulation on disability and non-motor symptoms in pediatric onset multiple sclerosis, Frontiers in Neurology, 14, (2023).https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2023.1304610
    Crossref
  8. Aging in multiple sclerosis: from childhood to old age, etiopathogenesis, and unmet needs: a narrative review, Frontiers in Neurology, 14, (2023).https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2023.1207617
    Crossref
  9. Risk factors for multiple sclerosis in the context of Epstein-Barr virus infection, Frontiers in Immunology, 14, (2023).https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2023.1212676
    Crossref
  10. Differential impact of environmental factors on systemic and localized autoimmunity, Frontiers in Immunology, 14, (2023).https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2023.1147447
    Crossref
  11. See more
Loading...

View Options

Get Access

Login options

Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution to get full access on this article.

Personal login Institutional Login
Purchase Options

Purchase this article to get full access to it.

Purchase Access, $39 for 24hr of access

View options

Full Text

View Full Text

Full Text HTML

View Full Text HTML

Media

Figures

Other

Tables

Share

Share

Share article link

Share