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Abstract

Objective

We took advantage of a large multinational recruitment to delineate genotype-phenotype correlations in a large, trans-European multicenter cohort of patients with spastic paraplegia gene 7 (SPG7).

Methods

We analyzed clinical and genetic data from 241 patients with SPG7, integrating neurologic follow-up data. One case was examined neuropathologically.

Results

Patients with SPG7 had a mean age of 35.5 ± 14.3 years (n = 233) at onset and presented with spasticity (n = 89), ataxia (n = 74), or both (n = 45). At the first visit, patients with a longer disease duration (>20 years, n = 62) showed more cerebellar dysarthria (p < 0.05), deep sensory loss (p < 0.01), muscle wasting (p < 0.01), ophthalmoplegia (p < 0.05), and sphincter dysfunction (p < 0.05) than those with a shorter duration (<10 years, n = 93). Progression, measured by Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia evaluations, showed a mean annual increase of 1.0 ± 1.4 points in a subgroup of 30 patients. Patients homozygous for loss of function (LOF) variants (n = 65) presented significantly more often with pyramidal signs (p < 0.05), diminished visual acuity due to optic atrophy (p < 0.0001), and deep sensory loss (p < 0.0001) than those with at least 1 missense variant (n = 176). Patients with at least 1 Ala510Val variant (58%) were older (age 37.6 ± 13.7 vs 32.8 ± 14.6 years, p < 0.05) and showed ataxia at onset (p < 0.05). Neuropathologic examination revealed reduction of the pyramidal tract in the medulla oblongata and moderate loss of Purkinje cells and substantia nigra neurons.

Conclusions

This is the largest SPG7 cohort study to date and shows a spasticity-predominant phenotype of LOF variants and more frequent cerebellar ataxia and later onset in patients carrying at least 1 Ala510Val variant.

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Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Neurology®
Volume 92Number 23June 4, 2019
Pages: e2679-e2690
PubMed: 31068484

Publication History

Received: October 14, 2018
Accepted: January 31, 2019
Published online: May 8, 2019
Published in print: June 4, 2019

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Disclosure

The authors report no disclosures relevant to the manuscript. Go to Neurology.org/N for full disclosures.

Study Funding

The study received funding from the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (SPATAX-QUEST, to G.S.), the Connaitre les Syndromes Cérébelleux Association (to G.S.), Verum Foundation (to A.D. and G.S.), and SPATAX Hospital Clinical Research Program (PHRC) (to A.D.). M.S., A.D., G.S., B.P.C.v.d.W., P.D.J., and M.A. are supported by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program under the ERA-NET Cofund action No. 643578 (BMBF 01GM1607 to M.S. and ANR-15-RAR3-011-03 to G.S.), under the frame of the E-Rare-3 network PREPARE. Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke and the NIH under award 5R01NS072248 (R.S.), E-RARE JTC grants NEUROLIPID (BMBF, 01 GM1408B to R.S.), European Union (grant F5-2012-305121 NEUROMICS to L.S., grant PIOF-GA-2012-326681 HSP/CMT genetics to R.S.; grant 779257 Solve-RD from the Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme to R.S.), the Spastic Paraplegia Foundation (to R.S.), and the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases. J.B. is supported by a Senior Clinical Researcher mandate of the Research Fund - Flanders (FWO) under grant agreement 1805016N. M.T.B. is supported by Italian Ministry of Health under the frame of E-Rare-2, the ERA-Net for Research on Rare Diseases grant NEUROLIPID, and Italian Ministry of Health (RC 2016–2018).

Authors

Affiliations & Disclosures

Giulia Coarelli, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Rebecca Schule, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(2) Scientific advisory board for Viagenetics
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
European Union, 01GM1408B, principal investigator European Union Horizon 2020, Solve-RD, 779257, co-investigator NIH, 2R01NS072248-06A1, principal investigator NIH, 5U54NS092091-04 / SPC-000518, site investigator
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
HSP Selbsthilfegruppe e.V. F?rderverein HSP-Forschung Spastic Paraplegia Foundation HSP Research Foundation
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Bart P.C. van de Warrenburg, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Travel stipends from the Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society and European Academy of Neurology for lectures at their international meetings, non-profit
Editorial Boards:
1.
1. Review Editor for Frontiers in Neurology (section Movement Disorders), 2011 - present 2. Member editorial board of Cerebellum & Ataxias, 2014 - present 3. Review editor for Tijdschrift voor Neurologie en Neurochirurgie, 2013-2016
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
(1) Bioblast Pharma
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
ZonMW, 9003037604 and 733051066, funding agency, 2016 - present
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
(1) Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Hersenstichting
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Peter De Jonghe, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Claire Ewenczyk, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Andrea Martinuzzi, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Matthis Synofzik, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Actelion Pharmaceuticals, scientific advisory board
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Actelion Pharmaceuticals, speakers honoraria.
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
1. Actelion Pharmaceuticals.
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
research grant by Else Kr?ner Stiftung, E-RARE Program/BMBF, Deutsche Heredit?re Ataxie Gesellschaft (DHAG), and Center for Rare Diseases T?bingen, Germany.
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Elisa G. Hamer, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jonathan Baets, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Mathieu Anheim, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Abbvie
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
TEVA/Lundbeck, Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Abbvie, UCB, Merz, Aguettant
Editorial Boards:
1.
Associate Editor for the Revue Neurologique (France)
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Ludger Schöls, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Tine Deconinck, MSci
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Pegah Masrori, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Bertrand Fontaine, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
AP-HP non profit therapeutic trial
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Biogen-Idhec (Marseille France, january 2012)
Editorial Boards:
1.
Journal of Neuromuscular Disorders
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Association Fran?aise contre les Myopathies (Non-profit patient association for muscle diseases)
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
INSERM: 50.000 euros Sorbonne Universit?: 10.000 euros SATT LUTECH (200.000 euros per year for two years)
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
AFM: 100.000 euros per year for three years
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Thomas Klockgether, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Biohaven Pharmaceuticals
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Maria Grazia D'Angelo, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Marie-Lorraine Monin, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jan De Bleecker, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(1) Sanofi/Genzyme; (2) Pfizer (3) CSL Behring
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Sanofi/Genzyme and CSL Behring
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Isabelle Migeotte, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
1. Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS): MIS, promoter, 2014-2017 2. FNRS PDR promoter 2016-2020 3. FNRS EQP promoter 2016-2018 4. Welbio starting grant 2015-2019
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
1. Fondation Erasme
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Perrine Charles, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Maria Teresa Bassi, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Thomas Klopstock, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(1) Santhera Pharmaceuticals
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
(1) Santhera Pharmaceuticals (speaker honoraria and travel costs) (2) GenSight Biologics (speaker honoraria and travel costs)
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
(1) Santhera Pharmaceuticals (2) GenSight Biologics
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
(1) Santhera Pharmaceuticals (2) GenSight Biologics (3) Genzyme (4) Actelion
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) Bundesministerium f?r Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) (2) European Commission, 7th Framework Programme
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Fanny Mochel, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
SAB: Metafora biosystems
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
?Anaplerotic therapy of Huntington disease and other polyglutamine diseases?, BIO06353 Mochel/Durr (EP 06291873.5, 12/4/2006)
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) Agence Nationale Recherche - HDeNERGY study (2) Programme Hospitalier Recherche Clinique - REVHD study
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
?Anaplerotic therapy of Huntington disease and other polyglutamine diseases?, BIO06353 Mochel/Durr (EP 06291873.5, 12/4/2006)
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Elisabeth Ollagnon-Roman, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Marc D'Hooghe, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Christoph Kamm, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
(1) Speaker honoraria from Ipsen and Merz Pharmaceuticals. (2) Funding for travel from Ipsen and Merz Pharmaceuticals for attendance of scientific meetings.
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Delia Kurzwelly, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Melanie Papin, MS
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Claire-Sophie Davoine, BS
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Guillaume Banneau, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Sophie Tezenas du Montcel, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(1) Boston Scientific SAS
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Danielle Seilhean, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Alexis Brice, MD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(1) FWO (Research Foundation Flanders) (2) ERC (European Research Council) (3) BMBF (Bundesministeriums f?r Bildung and Forschung-Berlin Germany)
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Conference honorarium Tokyo, Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma
Editorial Boards:
1.
(1)Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience, Editorial Board Member, 2012-(2)Parkinsonism and Related Disorders,Editorial Board Member,2008-(3)Brain,Editorial Board Member,2007-(4)Neurodegenerative Diseases, Editorial Board Member, 2003-(5) The Cerebellum, Editorial Board Member, 2001-(6) Neurogenetics, Editorial Board Member, 2001-
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Grants from French Research Agency, EU
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Grant from FP (France Parkinson Association), RDS (Roger de Spoelberch Foundation), FDF (Fondation de France), FRM (Fondation pour la Recherche M?dicale, Prix Allianz Institut de France.
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Charles Duyckaerts, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Acta Neuropathologica 2008... Board member.
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Diagnostic services for Sanofi
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Giovanni Stevanin, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
Stevanin G, Azzedine H, Denora P, Santorelli F, Brice A. Diagnosis of hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) by identification of a mutation in the KIAA1840 gene or protein. National submission by INSERM Transfert September 11, 2006. International extension September 11 2007; demand n? PCT/IB2007/003535, publication n? WO/2008/032218 dated March 20 2008. EP2061809 A2 published 27/05/2009. Stevanin G, Hanein S, Martin E, Boukhris A, Goizet C, Brice A. Diagnosis of hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) by identification of a mutation in the ZFYVE26 gene or protein. National submission by INSERM Transfert April 2 2008. International extension March 31 2009 n PCT/EP2009/053838, publication n? WO/2009/121897 (A1) dated October 10 2009. EP2268837 A1 published 05/01/2011. Darios, Stevanin G, Branchu J, Boutry M, Mochel F. Inhibitors of glucosylceramide synthase for the treatment of motor neuron diseases. National submission by ICM, November 2016. EP3318277 A1 published 09/05/2018. International Publication date 11/5/2018 under number WO 2018/083223 A1
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
1) Erare program, Neurolipid, PI, 2013-2016; 2) Erare program, Prepare, PI, 2016-2019; 3) H2020, Solve-RD, PI, 2018-2022;
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
1) Spastic Paraplegia Foundation, SPG11, PI, 2018-2019; 2) Association Strumpell-Lorrain, SPG11, 2018-2019
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
Stevanin G, Azzedine H, Denora P, Santorelli F, Brice A. Diagnosis of hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) by identification of a mutation in the KIAA1840 gene or protein. National submission by INSERM Transfert September 11, 2006. International extension September 11 2007; demand n? PCT/IB2007/003535, publication n? WO/2008/032218 dated March 20 2008. EP2061809 A2 published 27/05/2009. Stevanin G, Hanein S, Martin E, Boukhris A, Goizet C, Brice A. Diagnosis of hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) by identification of a mutation in the ZFYVE26 gene or protein. National submission by INSERM Transfert April 2 2008. International extension March 31 2009 n PCT/EP2009/053838, publication n? WO/2009/121897 (A1) dated October 10 2009. EP2268837 A1 published 05/01/2011.
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Alexandra Durr, MD, PhD
From Sorbonne Université (G.C., C.E., B.F., M.-L.M., F.M., M.P., C.-S.D., G.S., A.D.), Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (ICM), AP-HP, INSERM, CNRS, University Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière; Department of Genetics (G.C., C.E., M.-L.M., P.C., F.M., G.B., G.S., A.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France; Center for Neurology and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (R.S., M.S., L.S.), University of Tübingen, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (R.S., M.S., L.S.), Tübingen; Department of Neurology (B.P.C.v.d.W., E.G.H.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Neurogenetics Group (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), University of Antwerp; Laboratories of Neurogenetics and Neuromuscular Pathology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Institute Born-Bunge, University of Antwerp; Department of Neurology (P.D.J., J.B., T.D., P.M., J.D.B., M.D.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS “E. Medea” (A.M.), Conegliano, Italy; Department of Neurology (M.A.), Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg; Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (M.A.), INSERM-U964/CNRS-UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch; Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (M.A.), Université de Strasbourg; Department of Neurology (B.F.), Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France; Department of Neurology (T. Klockgether, D.K.), University of Bonn; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klockgether, D.K.), Bonn; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Neurorehabilitation Unit (M.G.D.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; ULB Center of Human Genetics (I.M.), Brussels, Belgium; Scientific Institute IRCCS E. Medea Laboratory of Molecular Biology (M.T.B.), Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy; Department of Neurology With Friedrich-Baur Institute (T. Klopstock), University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (T. Klopstock); Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (T. Klopstock), Germany; Department of Genetics (E.O.-R.), Croix-Rousse University Hospital, Lyon, France; Department of Neurology (C.K.), University of Rostock, Germany; Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (M.P., G.S.), PSL Research University; Sorbonne Université (S.T.d.M.), INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis de Santé Publique, Medical Information Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière Charles-Foix University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris; and Raymond Escourolle Neuropathology Department (D.S., C.D.), Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Assistance publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, France.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Member of International Science Advisory Board of the Helmholtz Initiative on Personalized Medicine Germany Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Grenoble Neuroscience Institute of Grenoble, France Board of Directory of the ENP http://www.paris-neuroscience.fr
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
(1) Neurology Genetics, associated editor, (2)Journal of Huntington?s Disease, associated editor; (3) International Advisory Committee for Jama Neurology, associated editor
Patents:
1.
?Anaplerotic therapy of Huntington disease and other polyglutamine diseases?, BIO06353 Mochel/Durr (EP 06291873.5, 12/4/2006)
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
(1) Roche, (2) Brainvectis, (3) Wavelife
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
CoEn 2015 : WIN-HD - Decoding Presymptomatic white matter changes in Huntington Disease 2015-2018 AAPG ANR 2017: Restoring brain cholesterol metabolism: Development of clinical Gene therapy for Huntington's disease (HDcyp) U01 NS104326-02, board member, 2018-2023
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
?Anaplerotic therapy of Huntington disease and other polyglutamine diseases?, BIO06353 Mochel/Durr (EP 06291873.5, 12/4/2006)
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE

Notes

Correspondence Dr. Durr [email protected]
Go to Neurology.org/N for full disclosures. Funding information and disclosures deemed relevant by the authors, if any, are provided at the end of the article.

Author Contributions

G. Coarelli: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, study concept or design, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. R. Schule: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, study concept or design, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, study supervision, obtaining funding. B.P.C. van de Warrenburg and P. De Jonghe: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. C. Ewenczyk, A. Martinuzzi, M. Synofzik, and E.G. Hamer: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. J. Baets: drafting/revising the manuscript, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, acquisition of data. M. Anheim and L. Schöls: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. T. Deconinck: analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, acquisition of data. P. Masrori: data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. B. Fontaine: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, contribution of vital reagents/tools/patients. T. Klockgether: analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, study supervision. M.G. D'Angelo and M.-L. Monin: data acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. J. De Bleecker: data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. I. Migeotte and P. Charles: data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. M.T. Bassi: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, contribution of vital reagents/tools/patients, obtaining funding. T. Klopstock and F. Mochel: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. E. Ollagnon-Roman: drafting/revising the manuscript, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, contribution of vital reagents/tools/patients. M. D'Hooghe: data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. C. Kamm: drafting/revising the manuscript, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, acquisition of data. D. Kurzwelly: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. M. Papin: analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. C.-S. Davoine: data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, G. Banneau: drafting/revising the manuscript, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. S. Tezenas du Montcel: drafting/revising the manuscript, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, statistical analysis. D. Seilhean: analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, acquisition of data. A. Brice: drafting/revising the manuscript, study concept or design, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, study supervision. C. Duyckaerts: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval. G. Stevanin: data acquisition, study concept or design, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, study supervision, obtaining funding. A. Durr: drafting/revising the manuscript, data acquisition, study concept or design, analysis or interpretation of data, accepts responsibility for conduct of research and will give final approval, statistical analysis, study supervision, obtaining funding.

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