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Abstract

Sudden catastrophic events such as terror attacks have clear and immediate consequences for the people who are directly affected. However, less is known about the impact on the physical health of local community members (online supplemental available from Dryad https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.bcc2fqz9t for further discussion). Acute psychological stress may cause a parallel physiologic response increasing risk of cardiovascular events.1–3 On March 15, 2019, a gunman shot and killed 51 people praying at the Al Noor and Linwood mosques in Christchurch city, New Zealand. We observed an increase in ischemic stroke reperfusion treatments in the week starting Monday, March 18, 3 days after the terror attack. We hypothesized that this observation could have occurred because of either an effect of the attack on the total number of ischemic strokes and/or the severity of these strokes, or coincidence. We investigated these possibilities by analyzing the association between the terror attack and rate of stroke reperfusion treatment, proven intracranial large vessel occlusion (LVO), and total stroke admissions at Christchurch hospital and the national stroke data set.

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Strike PC, Magid K, Whitehead DL, et al. Pathophysiological processes underlying emotional triggering of acute cardiac events. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2006;103:4322–4327.
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Aoki T, Fukumoto Y, Yasuda S, et al. The great east Japan earthquake disaster and cardiovascular diseases. Eur Heart J 2012;33:2796–2803.
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Vanacker P, Heldner MR, Amiguet M, et al., Prediction of large vessel occlusions in acute stroke: national institute of health stroke scale is hard to beat. Crit Care Med, 2016. 44:e336–e343.
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Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Neurology®
Volume 96Number 4January 26, 2021
Pages: 171-174
PubMed: 33310879

Publication History

Received: July 16, 2020
Accepted: October 12, 2020
Published online: December 11, 2020
Published in print: January 26, 2021

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Disclosure

Dr Wu reports no disclosures. Dr Myall reports no disclosures. Dr Palmer reports no disclosures. Dr Beharry reports no disclosures. Dr J Lim reports no disclosures. Dr Mason reports no disclosures. Dr Reimers reports no disclosures. Dr Duncan reports no disclosures. Dr Weaver reports no disclosures. Dr Collecutt reports no disclosures. Mr Mouthaan reports no disclosures. Dr A Lim reports no disclosures. Dr Hurrell reports no disclosures. Dr Barber received travel support from Boehringer Ingelheim to attend an academic conference. Dr Ranta reports no disclosures. Dr Fink reports no disclosures. Dr Le Heron reports no disclosures. Go to Neurology.org/N for full disclosures.

Study Funding

No targeted funding reported.

Authors

Affiliations & Disclosures

Teddy Y. Wu, PhD
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Daniel Myall, PhD [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
(1) Zeno Networks Ltd, Director, 2019-2020
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
David Palmer, MBChB [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
James Beharry, MBChB [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jen Yuh Lim, MBChB [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Deborah F. Mason, FRACP [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jon Reimers, FRACP [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Roderick Duncan, PhD [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
UCB Pharma, conference travel, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2014, 2016 GSK, conference travel, 2010
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
UBB Pharma, speaker 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 Eisai, speaker 2010
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
James Weaver, FACEM [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Wayne Collecutt, FRANZCR [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Paul Mouthaan, MMIS [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Anthony Lim, FRANZCR [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Mike A. Hurrell, FRANZCR [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
P. Alan Barber, PhD [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Data safety monitoring board for the PREVANZ study
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Neuroepidemiology. Editorial Board. 2008-present.
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Health Research Council of New Zealand. 17/037. Co- Investigator. 2017-2020.
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Auckland Academic Health Alliance Collaboration Research Grant. Co-investigator. 2018-2020.
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Health Researh Council Grant Review Committees - non-profit government entity
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
-Funding to travel and speak at 'Collaterals 2019 Meeting' at UCLA, Los Angeles (November 2019); non-profit-Funding to travel to Norway to participate in the Utstein Consortium to develop a Global Emergency Stroke Strategy (May 2018); Recusitation Council of Australasia/Wellington Free Ambulance; non-profit
Editorial Boards:
1.
Stroke, editorial board
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
-Consultancy to MidCentral Health Board to advise on their structure of their acute stroke servic (non-profit entity)
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Ministry of Health, thrombolysis register support (no grant number), project lead, 2017-2019; related to this project although funding not specifically for the purpose of this study.New Zealand Health Research Council, grant 15/297, co-investigator, 2015-2020; unrelated to this projectNew Zealand Health Research Council, frant 17/037, PI, 2017-2020; unrelated to this project
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Neurological Foundation, summer studentship funding, supervisor (2019 and 2020 - unrelated to project)Stroke Society of Australasia, summer studentship funding, supervisor (2018); related to this project
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
John N. Fink, FRACP [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Campbell Le Heron, DPhil [email protected]
From the Department of Neurology (T.Y.W., D.P., J.B., J.Y.L., D.F.M., J.R., R.D., J.N.F., C.L.H.), Christchurch Hospital; New Zealand Brain Research Institute (T.Y.W., D.M., D.F.M., C.L.H.), Christchurch; Emergency Department (J.W.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Radiology (W.C., P.M., A.L., M.A.H.), Christchurch Hospital; Department of Neurology (P.A.B.), Auckland City Hospital; and Department of Neurology (A.R.), Wellington Regional Hospital, New Zealand.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE

Notes

Correspondence Dr. Wu [email protected]
Go to Neurology.org/N for full disclosures. Funding information and disclosures deemed relevant by the authors, if any, are provided at the end of the article.

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