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Abstract

Background and Objectives

To study the relationship between the presence of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and acute hematoma characteristics among patients with primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).

Methods

We pooled individual patient data from the Antihypertensive Treatment of Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage 2 (ATACH-2) trial and the Minimally Invasive Surgery Plus Alteplase for Intracerebral Hemorrhage Evacuation phase 3 (MISTIE III) trial. We included individuals with a brain MRI scan. Exposure was the presence of a CMB. The coprimary outcomes were admission ICH volume and hematoma expansion. Mixed-effects linear and logistic regression models were used, with demographics and comorbid conditions considered fixed effects and the study cohort treated as a random effect. Additional analyses assessed the relationship between CMB topography and number and hematoma characteristics.

Results

Of the 1,499 patients with ICH enrolled in the parent trials, 466 (31.1%) were included in this analysis, and 231 (49.6%) patients had CMBs. In adjusted models, presence of CMBs was associated with smaller ICH volume (β = −0.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] −0.44 to −0.08) and lower odds of hematoma expansion (odds ratio 0.65, 95% CI 0.40–0.95; p = 0.04). The strength of association between CMBs and hematoma characteristics increased with increasing number of CMBs. The location of the CMBs and the severity of leukoaraiosis did not modify these results.

Discussion

In a pooled cohort of patients with ICH, our results are consistent with the hypothesis that more severe underlying small vessel disease, as represented by CMBs, leads to smaller baseline hematoma volumes and reduced hematoma expansion. Underlying cerebral small vessel disease may be of prognostic significance after ICH.

Trial Registration Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01176565 and NCT01827046.

Classification of Evidence

This study provides Class II evidence that the presence of microbleeds on MRI is associated with a smaller ICH volume at presentation and a lower rate of hematoma expansion on follow-up imaging.

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Letters to the Editor

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Published In

Neurology®
Volume 98Number 10March 8, 2022
Pages: e1013-e1020
PubMed: 34937780

Publication History

Received: May 10, 2021
Accepted: December 13, 2021
Published online: December 22, 2021
Published in print: March 8, 2022

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Disclosure

J. Magid-Bernstein, Y. Li, S. Cho, P. Piran, D.J. Roh, A. Gupta, A. Shoamanesh, and C. Zhang report no disclosures. A.E. Merkler is supported by AHA grant 18CDA34110419 and the Leon Levy Foundation. He has received personal fees for medicolegal consulting on neurologic disorders. R. Avadhani and N. Montano report no disclosures. C. Iadecola serves on the Scientific Advisory Board of Broadview Ventures. G.J. Falcone is supported by the NIH (K76AG059992, R03NS112859), the American Heart Association (18IDDG34280056), the Yale Pepper Scholar Award (P30AG021342), and the Neurocritical Care Society Research Fellowship. K.N. Sheth is supported by the NIH (U24NS107215, U24NS107136, RO1NR018335, and U01NS106513), Novartis, and Bard and reports grants from Hyperfine, Biogen, and Astrocyte unrelated to this work. A. Qureshi reports no disclosures. J. Rosand is supported by the NIH (NS073344) for SCORE-IT and reports no disclosures relevant to the work in this study. J.N. Goldstein has received research support from NIH, Pfizer, Octapharma, and Takeda and consulting fees from CSL Behring, Alexion, Cayuga, and NControl. Dr. Murthy is supported by the NIH grant K23NS105948. I. Awad is supported by the NIH (U01NS080824). D.F. Hanley is supported by the NIH (U01NS080824 and U24TR001609) and reports personal fees from Op2Lysis, BrainScope, and Neurotrope and nonfinancial support from Genentech outside the submitted work. H. Kamel serves as coprimary investigator for the NIH-funded Antithrombotic Drugs In Prevention After Cryptogenic Stroke ARCADIA) trial, which receives in-kind study drug from the BMS-Pfizer Alliance and in-kind study assays from Roche Diagnostic. H. Kamel serves as Deputy Editor for JAMA Neurology, serves as a Steering Committee member of Medtronic's Stroke AF trial (uncompensated), serves on an endpoint adjudication committee for a trial of empagliflozin for Boehringer-Ingelheim, and has served on an advisory board for Roivant Sciences related to factor XI inhibition. W.C. Ziai is supported by the NIH (1U01NS080824, U01NS106513, R01 NS102583) and receives consulting fees from C.R. Bard, Inc outside of the area of work commented on here. S.B. Murthy is supported by NIH grant K23NS105948. He has received personal fees for medicolegal consulting on neurologic disorders. Go to Neurology.org/N for full disclosures.

Study Funding

The study was funded by the NIH through the following grants: K23NS105948 (Dr. Murthy), U01-NS080824 (MISTIE III, Daniel Hanley), U01-NS062091 (ATACH-2), and NS073344 (SCORE-IT, Jonathan Rosand).

Authors

Affiliations & Disclosures

Jessica R. Magid-Bernstein, MD, PhD https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6506-6017
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
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Yunke Li, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Sung-Min Cho, DO
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Pirouz J. Piran, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
David J. Roh, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
(1) Commercial or non-profit entity: Portola Pharmaceuticals
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
1) NIH/NHLBI K23HL151901-01 (PI) 2) National Blood Foundation Scientific Research Grant (PI) 3) NIH NHLBI R01HL148151-03 (Co-I) 3) Department of Defense W81XWH-20-PRMRP-IIRA-COV (Co-I)
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Ajay Gupta, MD, MS
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
(1) ERT
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
R01HL144541 R01AG072753 R01NS105144 R01NS092802 R21NS116516 R21HL145427 I serve as PI of the above listed NIH studies.
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
(a) Expert witness for plaintiff
Ashkan Shoamanesh, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Bayer AG, Daiichi Sankyo, Servier Canada Inc, and Takeda Pharmaceuticals.
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
Bayer AG, Daiichi Sankyo, and Servier Canada Inc.
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Bayer AG, Daiichi Sankyo, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company and Servier Canada Inc.
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Research grants from Bayer AG, Portola pharmaceuticals, octapharma, Daiichi Sankyo, and Servier Canada
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Marta and Owen Boris Foundation Stroke Research Chair, and Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Alexander Merkler, MD, MS
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
I serve as an associate editor of the Neurohospitalist.
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Dr. Merkler supported by AHA grant 18CDA34110419 Foundation.
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
Dr. Merkler has received personal fees for medicolegal consulting on neurological disorders.  
Cenai Zhang, MS
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Radhika Avadhani, MS
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Nataly Montano, BS
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Constantino Iadecola, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
non-profit
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Hypertension (Guest Editor), Present Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism (Editorial Board), Present Cerebrovascular Diseases (Editorial Board), Present
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Source: National Institutes of Health; Title: Hypertension and Neurovascular Dysfunction (1R37-NS089323); P.I. C. Iadecola; Direct cost: $1,250,000; Period: 4/15-3/22 Source: National Institutes of Health; Title: ApoE4 and mechanisms of diffuse white matter injury (1R01-NS100447); P.I. C. Iadecola; Direct cost: $3,500,000; Period: 9/16-8/21
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Leon Levy Foundation
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Guido J. Falcone, MD, ScD, MPH
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Kevin N. Sheth, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
(1) DSMB for Zoll sponsored study
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Editorial Board, Stroke Editorial Board, Neurology Editorial Board, Neurosurgery
Patents:
1.
Provisional patent Stroke detection technology Provisional patent for nanoparticle technology
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Bard, Novartis, Biogen, Hyperfine
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) NIH U24NS107136, U24NS107215, U01NS106513, RO1NR018335
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
AHA 17CSA33550004 Stock/Stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials: Astrocyte, Alva, AbbieVie
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
Legal consultant
Adnan I. Qureshi, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Editor Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jonathan Rosand, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Takeda Pharmaceuticals
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Lancet Neurology, editorial board member European Stroke Journal, editorial board member
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NIH/NINDS OneMind AHA
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
Boehringer Ingelheim
Joshua Goldstein, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Associate editor, International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
CSL Behring, Octapharma, Alexion, NControl, Pfizer, Takeda, Cayuga.
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Pfizer, Takeda, Octapharma
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NIH
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NControl, Cayuga
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Issam Awad, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
Neurelis, Inc. (Scientific Advisory Board, 2021-current)
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Recursion Pharma, Inc. (Consultant 2020-2021)
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
StrideBio, Inc. (research contract)
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NIH/NINDS
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
Be Brave for Life (Research microgrants)
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
Medicolegal expert review and testimony
Daniel F. Hanley, MD
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
(1) Neurotrope
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
(1) Genentech, donation of MISTIE study drug
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) NIH/NINDS, U01NS062851, Coordinating Center PI, 2009-2016; (2) NIH/NINDS, U01NS062091, Independent Oversight Committee Chair, 2011-2016; (3) NIH/NINDS, U01NS080824, Coordinating Center PI, 2013-2020; (4) NIH/NIDCD, U01DC013778, Senior Collaborator, 2014-2019; (5) NIH/NCATS, U24TR001609, PI, 2016-2023
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Hooman Kamel, MD, MS
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
(1) Journal Watch Neurology, Associate Editor, 2011-2016. (2) PLOS One, Academic Editor, 2013-2016 (3) Scientific Reports, Editorial Board Member, 2014- 2016. (4) JAMA Neurology, Deputy Editor, 2017-current.
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
Has served on a one-time advisory board for Roivant Sciences related to Factor XI inhibition (2018).
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
(1) Speakers bureau for Genentech, Inc., 2012-2016
Other Activities:
1.
(1) Steering Committee of Medtronic's Stroke AF trial (uncompensated). (2) Stroke endpoint adjudication committee for diabetes- related drug for Boehringer-Ingelheim. (3) Executive Committee for a Janssen trial.
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
Dr. Kamel serves as co-PI for the NIH-funded ARCADIA trial (NINDS U01NS095869) which receives in-kind study drug from the BMS-Pfizer Alliance for Eliquis® and ancillary study support from Roche Diagnostics.
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
(1) NIH/NINDS, K23NS082367, 2013-current. (2) NIH/NINDS, R01NS097443, 2016-2021. (3) NIH/NINDS, U01NS095869, 2016-current. (4) NIH/NINDS, R01HL144541, 2019-current.
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
(1) Michael Goldberg Stroke Research Fund, 2014
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Wendy C. Ziai, MD, MPH*
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
1)Bard Medical Division, C. R. Bard, Inc.
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
(1) Neurocritical Care, Associate Editor, 2018 - present. (2) Stoke, Editorial Board - 2020 - present.
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
1. NIH grant:
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Santosh B. Murthy, MD, MPH*
From the Division of Neurocritical Care and Emergency Neurology (J.R.M.-B., A.M., C.Z., C.I., H.K., S.B.M.), Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Brain Injury Outcomes Center (Y.L., R.A., N.M., D.H.), Johns Hopkins University; Division of Neurosciences Critical Care (S.-M.C., P.J.P., W.C.Z.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (D.J.R.), Department of Neurology, Columbia University; Department of Radiology (A.G.), Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit (G.F., K.S.), Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, and Department of Neurology (G.F., K.S.), Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY; Department of Neurology (A.S.), McMaster University/Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institutes (A.Q.) and Department of Neurology (A.Q.), University of Missouri, Columbia; Henry and Allison McCance Center for Brain Health (J.R.), Hemorrhagic Stroke Research Program (J.R.), J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, and Department of Emergency Medicine (J.G.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Department of Neurological Surgery (I.A.), University of Chicago School of Medicine, IL. Yunke Li is currently at The George Institute China at Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, China.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
1. Journal of the American Heart Association, Editorial Board Member, July 1, 2021- current. 2. BMC Neurology, Associate Editor, January 1, 2020 - current.
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
1) NIH/NINDS, K23105948, Role- Principal Investigator, 2018-2023
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE

Notes

Correspondence Dr. Murthy [email protected]
Go to Neurology.org/N for full disclosures. Funding information and disclosures deemed relevant by the authors, if any, are provided at the end of the article.
*
These authors contributed equally to this work.

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