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January 25, 2000

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
Relationship to depression, anxiety, and quality of life

January 25, 2000 issue
54 (2) 319


Objective: To explore the incidence of depression and anxiety and to measure quality of life in women with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), a matched group cross-sectional study was conducted. Women with IIH (n = 28) were compared with control groups of weight- and age-matched women not diagnosed with IIH (n = 30) and with age-matched women of normal weight (n = 30).
Methods: Eighty-eight women completed a questionnaire soliciting health information and standardized questionnaires measuring depression, anxiety, and quality of life. The groups were compared using analysis of variance and χ2 tests. Where appropriate, post hoc comparisons were made using Fisher’s test.
Results: Patients with IIH reported a greater number of adverse health problems than either of the control groups. Non–health-related psychosocial concerns were equally prevalent among the three groups, but IIH patients were significantly more affected by hardships associated with health problems than the other two groups. The patient group also had higher levels of depression and anxiety than the control groups. These adverse health conditions were reflected in decreased quality of life measures for the IIH patients.
Conclusions: This study supports previous reports that link obesity and psychosocial difficulties, but obesity alone is not the explanation for the higher levels of depression and lower levels of quality of life.

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Published In

Volume 54Number 2January 25, 2000
Pages: 319
PubMed: 10668690

Publication History

Received: October 15, 1998
Accepted: August 27, 1999
Published online: January 25, 2000
Published in print: January 25, 2000


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Affiliations & Disclosures

Julia J. Kleinschmidt, PhD, LCSW
From the Departments of Ophthalmology (Drs. Kleinschmidt and Digre)Neurology (Dr. Digre), and Psychiatry (Dr. Hanover), University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City.
Kathleen B. Digre, MD
From the Departments of Ophthalmology (Drs. Kleinschmidt and Digre)Neurology (Dr. Digre), and Psychiatry (Dr. Hanover), University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City.
Rita Hanover, PhD
From the Departments of Ophthalmology (Drs. Kleinschmidt and Digre)Neurology (Dr. Digre), and Psychiatry (Dr. Hanover), University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City.


Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. Julia J. Kleinschmidt, Ophthalmology Department, John A. Moran Eye Center, 50 North Medical Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84132.

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