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Abstract

Objective:

To estimate the incidence, short-term outcome, and spatial distribution of stroke patients and to evaluate the completeness of case ascertainment in Ludhiana.

Methods:

This population-based prospective cohort study was conducted in Ludhiana, Punjab, Northwest India. All first-ever stroke patients (≥18 years) were included between March 2010 and March 2013 using WHO Stepwise Approach Surveillance methodology from the city. Stroke patient data were obtained from hospitals, scan centers, and general practitioners, and details of deaths from the Municipal Corporation.

Results:

Out of 7,199 stroke patients recruited, 3,441 were included in final analysis. The mean age was 59 ± 15 years. The annual incidence rate was 140/100,000 (95% confidence interval [CI] 133–147) and age-adjusted incidence rate was 130/100,000 (95% CI 123–137). The annual incidence rate for stroke in the young (18–49 years) was 46/100,000 (95% CI 41–51). The case fatality at 28 days was 22%. Patients above 60 years of age (p = 0.03) and patients who were managed in public hospitals had poor survival (p = 0.01). Hot spots for cumulative incidence were seen in central and southern parts of the city, and hot spots for poor outcome were seen in the outskirts of the city.

Conclusions:

The incidence rates are similar to other studies from India. Stroke patient survival is poor in public hospitals. The finding of spatial analysis is of public health significance for stroke prevention and strengthening of stroke services.

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Supplementary Material

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Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Neurology®
Volume 86Number 5February 2, 2016
Pages: 425-433
PubMed: 26740677

Publication History

Received: June 21, 2015
Accepted: October 8, 2015
Published online: January 6, 2016
Published in print: February 2, 2016

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Disclosure

The authors report no disclosures relevant to the manuscript. Go to Neurology.org for full disclosures.

Study Funding

Supported by the Indian Council of Medical Research, Task Force Project, New Delhi (SWG/22/Neuro/2008-NCD-I to J.D.P.).

Authors

Affiliations & Disclosures

Jeyaraj D. Pandian, DM
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Associate Editor Neurology India Journal (No honoraria) Editorial advisory board member International J Stroke (No Honoraria) Editor-in-Chief, CHRISMED J Health and Research, No honararia
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Indian Council of Medical Research Task Force Project
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Gagandeep Singh, DM
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Associate Editor Neurology India Member Editorial Board Epilepsia
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Indian Council of Medical Research
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Paramdeep Kaur, PhD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research, Statistical Editor, 2014
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Rajinder Bansal, DM
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Birinder S. Paul, DM
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Monika Singla, DM
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Shavinder Singh, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
Chrismed journal of health and reserach, Associate editor 2013 to present
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Directorate of Health Research Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) GIA/18/2014 DHR
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Clarence J. Samuel, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
CHRISMED journal of health and research, Excutive Editor, 2013 to present
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
Grant in Aid, Directorate of Health Research Indian Council of Medical Research ( ICMR)2014-15 GIA/18/2014-DHR
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Shweta J. Verma, MSc, CR
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Premjeeth Moodbidri, MHlthSc
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Gagandeep Mehmi, MSc
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Amber Sharma, MSc, CR
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Om P. Arora, DM
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Arun K. Dhanuka, DM
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Manoj K. Sobti, MCh
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Harish Sehgal, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Mohanjeet Kaur, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Sarvpreet S. Grewal, MCh
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Sukhdeep S. Jhawar, MCh
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
T.N. Shadangi, MCh
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Tushar Arora, MCh
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Ashish Saxena, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Gaurav Sachdeva, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Jeetamol S. Gill, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Ramandeep S. Brar, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Anakhvir Gill, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Sandeep S. Bakshi, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Sandeep S. Pawar, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Gurmeet Singh, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Praveen Sikka, MD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Pradeep K. Litoria, MTech
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE
Meenakshi Sharma, PhD
From the Stroke Unit (J.D.P., P.K., S.J.V., P.M., G.M., A. Sharma), Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital; Department of Neurology (G. Singh, R.B., B.S.P., M. Singla), Dayanand Medical College and Hospital; Departments of Community Medicine (S. Singh, C.J.S.) and Neurosurgery (S.S.G., S.S.J.), Christian Medical College; Arora Neuro Center (O.P.A.); Deep Hospital (A.K.D.); Sobti Neuro and Super Specialty Hospital (M.K.S.); Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital (H.S.); Shree Raghunath Hospital (M.K.); Deepak Hospital (T.N.S., T.A.); Mediciti Hospital (A. Saxena, G. Sachdeva); Delta Heart Center (J.S.G., R.S.B.); Heart Beat Diagnostic Center (A.G.); Ace Healthways (S.S.B.); Kuka Diagnostic Center (S.S.P.); Civil Hospital (G. Singh); ESIC Hospital (P.S.); Geology, Water Resources and Geoinformatic Division (P.K.L.), Punjab Remote Sensing Center, Ludhiana; and Non Communicable Diseases Division (M. Sharma), Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
Disclosure
Scientific Advisory Boards:
1.
NONE
Gifts:
1.
NONE
Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria:
1.
NONE
Editorial Boards:
1.
NONE
Patents:
1.
NONE
Publishing Royalties:
1.
NONE
Employment, Commercial Entity:
1.
NONE
Consultancies:
1.
NONE
Speakers' Bureaus:
1.
NONE
Other Activities:
1.
NONE
Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Commercial Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Government Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Academic Entities:
1.
NONE
Research Support, Foundations and Societies:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options/board of Directors Compensation:
1.
NONE
License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Research Sponsor:
1.
NONE
Stock/stock Options, Medical Equipment & Materials:
1.
NONE
Legal Proceedings:
1.
NONE

Notes

Correspondence to Dr. Pandian: [email protected]
Go to Neurology.org for full disclosures. Funding information and disclosures deemed relevant by the authors, if any, are provided at the end of the article.

Author Contributions

Jeyaraj D. Pandian: literature search, study design, data collection, data interpretation and writing. Gagandeep Singh: study design, data acquisition and writing. Paramdeep Kaur: data analysis, data interpretation and writing. Rajinder Bansal: study design and data acquisition. Birinder S. Paul: study design and data acquisition. Monika Singla: study design and data acquisition. Shavinder Singh: literature search, study design, data interpretation and writing. Clarence James Samuel: literature search, study design, data interpretation and writing. Shweta J. Verma: data collection, data interpretation and writing. Premjeeth Moodbidri: data collection and data interpretation. Gagandeep Mehmi: data collection and data interpretation. Amber Sharma: data collection and data interpretation. Om P. Arora: study design, data acquisition. Arun K. Dhanuka: study design, data acquisition. Manoj K. Sobti: study design, data acquisition. Harish Sehgal: study design, data acquisition. Mohanjeet Kaur: study design, data acquisition. Sarvpreet S. Grewal: study design, data acquisition. Sukhdeep S. Jhawar: study design, data acquisition. T.N. Shadangi: study design, data acquisition. Tushar Arora: study design, data acquisition. Ashish Saxena: study design, data acquisition. Gaurav Sachdeva: study design, data acquisition. Jeetamol S. Gill: study design, data acquisition. Ramandeep S. Brar: study design, data acquisition. Anakhvir Gill: study design, data acquisition. Sandeep S. Bakshi: study design, data acquisition. Sandeep S. Pawar: study design, data acquisition. Gurmeet Singh: study design, data acquisition. Praveen Sikka: study design, data acquisition. Pradeep K. Litoria: analysis and interpretation. Meenakshi Sharma: study design, data interpretation and writing.

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Cited By
  1. Prevalence, contributing factors, and economic implications of strokes among older adults: a study of North-East India, Scientific Reports, 13, 1, (2023).https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-43977-z
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  2. Stroke incidence, mortality, subtypes in rural and urban populations in five geographic areas of India (2018–2019): results from the National Stroke Registry Programme, The Lancet Regional Health - Southeast Asia, (100308), (2023).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lansea.2023.100308
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  3. Surveillance of stroke: a South-East Asia Region (SEAR) perspective, The Lancet Regional Health - Southeast Asia, 17, (100286), (2023).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lansea.2023.100286
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  4. Incidence and outcomes for stroke in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, during 2019–21: a prospective population-based study, The Lancet Global Health, 11, 6, (e942-e952), (2023).https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(23)00130-4
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  5. Epidemiology of young stroke in the ludhiana population-based stroke registry, Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, 25, 1, (114), (2022).https://doi.org/10.4103/aian.aian_711_21
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